Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules In English | Grammar

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Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules In English | Grammar

Conjunctions | Definition, Examples, and Rules In English | Grammar

What are conjunctions? The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction. It is one of the important parts of speech. It joins two or more sentences, phrases, and independent clauses.

Learn conjunctions definition, examples, and rules of conjunctions in English grammar.

Conjunctions Definition:

The word which joins two parts of a sentence is called a conjunction.

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Types of Conjunctions

There are three types of conjunctions

  • Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Correlative Conjunctions

 

  • Coordinating Conjunctions:

Coordinating Conjunctions are used to join short sentences converting them into fuller lines. There are seven Coordinating Conjunctions and all of them are very easy to remember if you just keep in mind the acronym “FANBOYS”.

For Used to show reason or purpose
And Used to add something to another
Nor Used to give an alternative negative idea to an already given negative idea
But Used to show opposition
Or Used to show choices
Yet Used to show a contrasting idea that follows the preceding idea logically
So Used to show result, effect, or consequences

 

  • Subordinating Conjunctions:

It always introduces a dependent clause and connects it with an independent clause. In contrast to coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions can come first in the sentence because of the nature of the relationship between dependent and independent clauses. Below is a table listed giving you examples of Subordinating Conjunctions.

Because While As
Although Until Since
When After That
Unless Before As if
Whether once In order that

 

  • Correlative Conjunctions:

They come in pairs and relate one sentence to another with suitable conjunction. Correlative conjunctions connect two equal grammatical terms. So, if a noun follows “both,” then a noun should also follow “and.”

  • Either…..or
  • Both……and
  • Neither…….nor
  • Not only…….but also
  • Whether……or

Use of Conjunctions in Sentences with Rules:

AND
  • Use and join similar ideas
  • I will go
  • Use and to show that one action depends on another
  • They did not study and failed the exams
  • Use and to show that one action follows the other
  • I will go to the mall and buy clothes

 

BUT
  • Use but to join two opposite ideas
  • You are a good rider but I will not give you a bike
  • Use but to cancel the meaning of an idea
  • I like you but you irritate me a lot

Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules In English | Grammar

OR
  • Use or to show choice
  • You may come with us or stay here
  • Use or to give some reason for something
  • Study hard or you will have to leave the college
SO
  • Use so to signify reason and then result
  • Traffic was really bad so I came late
  • Use so to tell something more
  • He was angry so he left early
YET
  • Use yet to signify a strange fact
  • He misbehaved with me, yet he was my friend
BECAUSE
  • Use because to signify the result and then reason
  • I hate you because you always irritate me
ALTHOUGH
  • Use although to state a strange fact
  • He went to school although he was ill
WHEN
  • Use when to show the time of the happening of something
  • They called me when I was busy doing my work
UNLESS
  • Use unless to signify a condition
  • You cannot enter the class unless you wear the mask
WHETHER
  • Use whether to signify if
  • I don’t know whether I should help you or ignore you

Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules In English | Grammar

WHILE
  • Use while to signify two things happening at the same time
  • He ate food while I watched the movie
UNTIL
  • Use until to signify a condition
  • I can’t allow you to sit in class until you wear a mask
AFTER
  • Use to show an event happening after the other
  • I’ll call you after I complete my work
BEFORE
  • Use to show an event happening before the other
  • You should call me before leaving
ONCE
  • Use once to tell about as soon as
  • I’ll come home once I complete my work
AS
  • Use as in formal writing and speech to say ”as a result”
  • I got worried as the teacher announced the quiz
SINCE
  • Use since to say “as a result” of what happened first
  • I refused to help him since he had done the same last year
THAT
  • Use that to indicate the person or thing mentioned before
  • They clarified that they would never insult anyone
AS IF
  • Use as if to comment on how a situation seems
  • You are fighting with me as if I insulted you

Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules In English | Grammar

IN ORDER THAT/TO
  • Use in order that/to to show a purpose
  • I joined this course in order that to I could learn
EITHER…..OR
  • Use either…..or to talk about two possible choices
  • You should either come on time or not come at all
BOTH…..AND
  • Use both…..and to join two similar ideas
  • She is both ugly and dumb
NEITHER…..NOR
  • Use neither…..nor to join two opposite ideas
  • She is neither ugly nor dumb
NOT ONLY…..BUT ALSO
  • Use not only…..but also to join two similar ideas
  • He is not only intelligent but also handsome
WHETHER…..OR
  • Use whether…..or to emphasize the idea chosen between two choices
  • Tell me whether you are coming or not

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Conjunctions | Definition, Examples, and Rules